Native American Indians chose to live near and utilize the rich resources of watercourses of varying sizes. In this instance, someone from the Archaic culture chose a water-washed stone from the French Creek area in Sheffield to fashion it into a stone tool. The French Creek is the northernmost major tributary of the Black River. This 3/4 grooved stone axe was found by the late Peter Bungart, who grew up in that area and was a paleontologist at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History. He is from the same family who owned the island in the Black River, known as Bungart Island. Mr. Bungart later became a close friend of Col. Vietzen’s, and Vietzen later acquired many of Bungart’s artifacts after his death.
The handwritten tag on this artifact, written by Col. Vietzen states, “Axe pecked from a water-wahsed stone found by Peter Bungart on French Creek in Sheffield, Ohio. Archaic Cult. circa 4,000 B.C.” It measures 8″ long. The stone was purchased and donated to the Museum by the Rounds family for Col. Nahorn’s Birthday in October 2013. It is a very fine and interesting local artifact, and we are very pleased to be able to preserve and keep this important local piece in the area.